Sephardic Jews is a word that is used to mention the Jews that migrated from the region of Iberian Peninsula. Originally, the expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492. Today the Jewish communities can be found be around the globe, particularly in North Africa, Turkey, Iraq, Greece, and North America.
Some of the Jews fled to Mexico, Holland, Curacao, Brazil and Italy. The Sephardic community mostly speaks Ladino which is a language created from the mixture of Spanish and Hebrew. The substantial evidence of the presence of Jews in the Spanish region was found in Adra, Spain in the grave of a Jewish girl called Salmonella, dating from the third century C.E.
Though it is believed by many historians that Jews came to this region after the second temple was destroyed in 70 C.E. It is also believed in legends that Jews arrived to the Iberian region after the temple was destroyed in the sixth century B.C.E. The prophecies of Obadiah use ‘Sefarad’, which means Spain in Hebrew. This term is used for the land that Jews would reside in, after being exiled from Jerusalem.
The Tarshish term comes in the Bible which is referred ancient district of southern Spain named Tartessus. According to the calculations made by historians, Sephardim constituted about ninety per cent of the total population of the Jews during the twelfth century C.E. after Ashkenazi population explosion, the percentage of Sephardim decreased really fast. The Jews in the Spain lived in the tiny villages and towns.
Ari Afilalo is an active member of the French Moroccan community and is a resident of the New York City. He is also a part of Sephardic Synagogue of the west New York. He takes ardent interest in the study of Sephardic culture and their history and plays a significant role in the preservation of authenticity of the art.